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    Taiwan's Feng Chia University has succeeded in boosting the production of hydrogen from biomass to 15 liters per hour, one of the world's highest biohydrogen production rates, a researcher at the university said Friday. The research team managed to produce hydrogen and carbon dioxide (which can be captured and stored) from the fermentation of different strains of anaerobes in a sugar cane-based liquefied mixture. The highest yield was obtained by the Clostridium bacterium. Taiwan News - November 14, 2008.

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Tuesday, November 18, 2008

UNFCCC: emissions in industrialized countries continue to rise - up 2.3% from 2000 to 2006

Two weeks ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference in Poznan, Poland, the UN Climate Change Secretariat in Bonn has reported that greenhouse gas emissions in industrialized countries continue to rise. Data submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) shows that emissions of 40 industrialized countries that have greenhouse gas reporting obligations under the Convention remained in 2006 below the 1990 level by about 5%, but rose by 2.3 percent in the time-frame 2000 to 2006.

For the smaller group of those industrialized countries that have ratified the Kyoto Protocol, emissions in 2006 were about 17% below the Kyoto baseline, but still growing after the year 2000. The initial decrease in Kyoto countries’ emissions mainly came about through the economic decline of economies in transition (countries in eastern and central Europe) in the 1990s.

Meanwhile, the biggest recent increase in emissions of industrialized countries has come from economies in transition - the Eastern European bloc -, which have seen a rise of 7.4% in greenhouse gas emissions within the 2000 to 2006 time-frame. The worst culprit, however, has been Canada. Its emissions since 1990 have shot up 21.3% while they should have fallen 6%.

16 of the highly industrialized countries were on their Kyoto target in 2006, whereas 20 were not (table, click to enlarge).

The figures clearly underscore the urgency for the UN negotiating process to make good progress in Poznan and move forward quickly in designing a new agreement to respond to the challenge of climate change,” said Yvo de Boer, Executive Secretary of the UNFCCC.

The UN'’s top climate change official also noted that accounting data, including emission quotas for the Kyoto commitment period 2008–-2012, have been finalized for almost all Kyoto countries. Such data are already used in emissions trading conducted by countries in accordance with the rules established by the Kyoto Protocol:
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“Emission quotas defined by the Kyoto Protocol are no longer simple numbers on paper – they are part of real-time operation of the global carbon market,” said Yvo de Boer. “We see the carbon market working and this is an important message, not least for the Poznan meeting,” he added.

The UN Climate Change Conference in Poznan (1-12 December) constitutes the half-way mark of a two-year negotiating process, set to culminate in an ambitious international climate change deal in Copenhagen next year.

In Poland, negotiators will take stock of the progress made in the first year of the talks and map out what needs to be done to reach agreement at the end of 2009. The meeting will also be an important opportunity for ministers to determine the key ingredients of a shared vision on long-term cooperation to address climate change.

UNFCC: Press briefing on Key Greenhouse Gas Data and expected outcomes of Poznań - 17 November 2008.


Blogger rufus said...

Meanwhile, back at the ranch,

Global temperatures plunge in 2008.

Religion is best left in the Church, gang.

Why would you want to detract from an important message?

8:25 PM  
Anonymous Jonas said...

Rufus, you do know that you don't have to look at temperatures in individual years at a given ranch. You have to look at global temperature trends. And these clearly show warming.

Oh, by the way, Governor Schwarzenegger has just put California on altert and is preparing the state for the effects of global warming, isn't he? I think the fact that the state is burning up once again, has something to do with that.

8:34 PM  
Blogger rufus said...

Jonas, here are the (Global) Satellite temps for the last 30 years.

Satellite Temps (NASA)

You'll notice a strong Cooling Trend since 1998.

Guys, the Science on this is Terrible. 385 ppm (that's parts per Million) can't do what the "Warmeners" are hysterically claiming it can. HINT: CO2 GHG effects are algorithmic. The majority of the warming that it can accomplish is accomplished in the First 20 ppm.

Oh, Schwartznegger's a politician, and a former body-builder. If the last 30 years, or so, of sea level rises continued, you're looking at approx 11inches/Century. Of course, the last several years the sea has been flat as a pancake.

Guys, the Negative PDO is upon us. You might want to check that out.

When you promote GW you lose about half of the most important supporters you need. Why do that? You'll just lose the other half in a couple of years. Then what?

No intelligent salesman talks politics, or religion when he goes out to work. Think about it.

Love you guys. Keep up the Great Work.

2:11 AM  
Anonymous Jonas said...

Rufus, here are the global temperatures from the past 120 years from meteorological stations (NASA).

And here's the global land ocean temperature index for the past 120 years (NASA).

And here's a NASA page with graphs of:
-Global Annual Mean Surface Air Temperature Change
-Annual Mean Temperature Change for Hemispheres
-Annual Mean Temperature Change for Three Latitude Bands
-Annual Mean Temperature Change for Land and Ocean


Notice anything special?

The conclusions rather straightforward: the earth is warming, very clearly so.

No need to refer to some obscure blog known for its climate-denial.


3:01 AM  
Blogger rufus said...

I was giving you the satellite record. If it just happened to be on the blog that blew the whistle on GISS' ridiculous Sept/Oct transpositional debacle, what of it?

I'm tired of messing with you guys. If you believe in this nonsense I don't see how I can take anything else you print seriously. NOW, was it worth it?

4:03 PM  
Anonymous Jonas said...

Okay, Rufus, you don't take climate change seriously. Allow us to do the contrary.

If you're still interested in our texts that don't deal with the topic, feel free to visit and read - you're always welcome.

But please don't think we will ever stop reporting on climate change. We think the science is very strong, and that global warming is the biggest challenge us all. So you'll have to take that along with it. :-)


11:55 PM  

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