Tropical Rainforests:
Their Wonders and
the Perils They Face


 

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A PLACE OUT OF TIME:
TROPICAL RAINFORESTS - THEIR WONDERS AND THE PERILS THEY FACE


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Preface
Preface

Section 1: Tropical Rainforests of the World
Tropical Rainforests of the World
Biogeographical Forest Realms
Types of Rainforest
Changing Times - Changing Forests
Golden toad
primary forest cover versus total forest cover for selected countries
Wallace Line

Section 2: Structure & Character
Structure & Character
Biogeographical Forest Realms
Keystone Species

Section 3: Rainforest Diversity
Rainforest Diversity
Climate and Stability
Canopy, Structure, & Area
Short Term Variation & Ice Ages
Diversity of Image
Mimicry & Camouflage
Convergent or parallel evolution
Increase in Diversity Toward the Tropics
Evolution
Countries with the High Biodiversity
Ice Ages
Mean Net Primary Production by Ecosystem
Population Diversity
Portraits of Diversity

Section 4: The Canopy
Overstory
Study
Epiphytes
Structure
Leaf-Eating Mammals
Vines & Lianas
Locomotion
Bats
Other Mammals
Birds
Amphibians, Reptiles, Invertebrates
Canopy Tree Adaptations
Mean species richness in of lianas across four tropical regions
Easily observed differences between butterflies and moths
Strangler Fig

Section 5: The Forest Floor
Forest Floor Introduction
Soils & Nutrient Cylcing
Seeds & Fruit
Forest Succession
Mammals (Herbivores)
Mammals (Carnivores & Omnivores)
Birds
Reptiles & Amphibians
Invertebrates
Amazonian Reptiles - A Historical Account
Epipedobates tricolor and ABT-594/epidatidine
Fungi
Gastric Brooding Frog
Leaf Cutters in Perspective
What if There Were No Insects
Tiger Medicinals Available in the U.S
Where are the Rocks in the Lower Amazon?
Article on gorilla poaching
Article on tracking forest elephants in Ghana

Section 6: Rainforest Waters
Rainforest Waters
Types of Rivers
Rivers, Streams, & Creeks
Flooding, Low, and High Water
Floating Meadows
Life by the River
Importance of Rainforest Rivers
Threats to Rivers
Varzea vs. Igapo Forest
Damming the Amazon
The Death of Lac Alaotra, Madagscar

Section 7: Forest People
Forest People
African Forest People
Asian Forest People
American Forest People
Forest People Overview
Incas - Wade Davis
Incan Achievements
Dyaks
Indigenous Health
Lessons from the Maya
Forest people plant knowledge
A Brief Social History of Borneo
Forest people today
Tri-country Amerindian summit
Indigenous people estimates
Varzea vs Terra settlements

Section 8: A World Imperilled -- Threats to Tropical Rainforests
A World Imperilled
Natural Forces
Threats from Humankind
Subsistence Activities
Economic Restructuring
Oil Extraction
Logging
Mining
Fires
War
Commercial Agriculture
Cattle Pasture
Hydro, Pollution, Hunting
Fuelwood, Roads, Climate
Debt
Population & Poverty
Consumption, Conclusion
Logging . . . Amphetamine Style
Illegal poaching in Africa
An Account of Illegal Logging in Thailand
Heavily Indebted Poor Countries
Deforestation Defined
Deforestation Estimates
Satisfying International Timber Demand
Habitat fragmentation
FAO 1997: Regional forest change: 1990-1997
Freeport mine in Indonesia
Trans-Amazonian highway
Tropical Hardwood Log Imports into Japan
The Asian Forest Fires of 1997-1998
Impact of Interest Rates on Deforestation
Total Tropical Timber Imports into Japan
Case Study: Mahogany
Population Growth
Deforestation as a Protest
Rains Impacted by Smoke?
Commonly Harvested Tropical Timber Hardwoods
Indonesia's Transmigration Program
U'wa of Colombia
Photo of mining operation near Mandraka, Madagascar

Section 9: Consequences of Deforestation
Consequences of Deforestation
Local Climate Regulation
Erosion
Loss of Species, Disease
Loss of Renewable Resources
Climactic Role
Atmospheric Role
Extinction
Agriculture
The Origin of AIDS
The Impact of AIDS in the Developing World
Global Carbon Emissions Breakdown
Hydroelectric projects
Global Warming and Developing Nations
Extreme Deforestation - Easter Island
El Niņo: A Preview of Global Warming?
Habitat Fragmentation
Historic Mass Extinctions
Hurricane Mitch
Global Warming in a Nutshell
Linking Global Warming and the Ozone Hole
Endangered Plants
Presence Does Not Always Signify Survivability in Degraded Forest
Questions Over Global Warming
Coral Reefs: the Tropical Rainforests of the Sea
Environmental Refugees
Global Carbon Reserviors
Environmental Security
A "tippy" climate - 1°F Warming per year at the Poles?
The Extinction Vortex
Species Highly Vulnerable to Extinction
Biologist Alfred Wallace on Biodiversity Loss
Freshwater Availability
Where Are All These Disappearing Species?
Estimates for extinction rate of today
Anti-HIV compounds from the rainforest

Section 10: Solutions
Solutions Introduction
Sustainable Dev - Agriculture
Sustainable Forest Products
Eco-tourism
Large-scale Forest Products
Foods & Genetic Diversity
Medicinal Drugs
Medicinal Drugs & Pesticides
Logging
Logging (con't)
Logging (con't)
Cattle
Oil
Increasing Productivity
Conservation Priorities
Types of Reserves
Reserve Size & Valuation
Funding
Organization
Developing nations
Intergovernmental Institutions
NGOs
Communication, Education
International Organizations
Indigenous people
Conclusion
ANTI-HIV COMPOUNDS FROM THE RAINFOREST
Bioengineering Backlash
Green Bananas
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: COSTS AND BENEFITS
Avoiding Biopiracy
BP: Moving Ahead
Tradable Greenhouse Gas Budgets
Returning Carbon Dioxide to the Earth?
Animal Alternatives to Cattle
Chico Mendes
CITES
The Complexity of Ecosystem Interactions
Sampling of Corporations that Support Rainforest Projects
Ecological Corridor Project: Sponsored by the "new" World Bank
The Costal Rainforest Coalition
Domestic Timber Consumption
MEDICINAL DRUGS DERIVED FROM RAINFOREST PLANTS
Combatting Amazonian Forest Fires
Are Forest Fragments Worth Saving?
Gaia
The Problem with GDP as a Measure of Economic Health
The WWF Global 200
Grains: Savings from Genetic Resources
HOT-SPOTS
Possible Funding Strategies for the Future
Intergovernmental Institutions involved in Rainforest Use and Conservation
invasion of alien species
The International Tropical Timber Organization (ITTO)
IUCN's eight categories of protected area,
Mauritius kestrel
Lower Taxes and Save the Environment
Species - Area Math
international conservation organizations
There Are No Lemurs in America?
Bolivia's Noel Kempff Mercado National Park
Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFPs)
Carbon Offset Programs
COMMON PLANTATION SPECIES
Profit Through Reduced-Impact Logging
multiple use reserve
The Petroleum Revolution
reduced-impact logging
Reforestation of a Mining Concession
The History of Rubber
satellite imaging
Brazil Moves to Slow Amazon Settlement
Examples of Sustainable Forestry
Sustainable management
Shell Oil in Gabon
Solar and Wind Power as an Economic Stimulus
Small Steps to Reduce Energy Consumption
Valuing a Sustainable Harvest in Ecuador
Economic Values
Indigenous Viewpoints
Overharvesting: the Wotango Tree
Nov 17 2002 - Big-leaf mahogany, also known as American mahogany, is listed on Appendix II of CITES

References / Bibliograpy
World Rainforests [Section 1] References
Characteristics [Section 2] References
Diversity [Section 3] References
The Canopy [Section 4] References
Forest Floor [Section 5] References
Waters [Section 6] References
Forest People [Section 7] References
Forest People [Section 7] References
Threats [Section 8] References
Threats [Section 8] References
Threats [Section 8] References
Threats [Section 8] References
Threats [Section 8] References
Consequences [Section 9] References
Consequences [Section 9] References
Consequences [Section 9] References
Consequences [Section 9] References
Consequences [Section 9] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References
Solutions [Section 10] References

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